Technological innovation has played a crucial role in addressing resource scarcities for food, copper, iron, nickel, silver, tin, coal, and natural gas, among others. Innovators have developed new processes that enable the use of substitutes, improve efficiency, or enable access to untapped resources. In this context, longstanding concerns of a “deficit of innovation” in the water sector have raised concerns for scientists and policymakers. In this course, attendees will learn about trends in innovative activity in the water sector and about the US EPA’s Technology Cluster Initiative and how that has helped boost innovative activity in the water sector.
After successfully completing this course, attendees should be able to:
- Describe types of innovation
- Identify barriers to technological innovation
- Explain regional innovation systems and “learning networks”
- Describe how technology clusters work
- Identify factors that can determine the success or failure of technology clusters